Overview

Myopia, commonly known as shortsightedness or near-sightedness, is a disorder of the eye that affects people’s ability to see distant objects. Myopia occurs when the axial length of the eye (distance from the front to the back of eye) grows too long or the refractive power of the cornea or lens is too high. This mismatch causes incoming light to focus in front of the retina, resulting in blurry distance vision. Myopia currently affects an estimated 2.6 billion people and this number is expected to increase to 5 billion by the year 2050, which will be half of the world’s population.

MYOPIA ARTICLES


Myopia

Myopia Vs. Astigmatism: Know the Difference

Myopia (commonly known as short-sightedness) and astigmatism are refractive errors …
Myopia

Does Your Phone’s Dark Mode Setting Help To Prevent Myopia?

Cool, sleek, and dark – your child’s phone’s new Dark …
Myopia

MYTH BUSTED: Can myopia actually be reduced?

It’s not easy watching your children’s eyesight worsen. The worry …
Myopia

Myth BUSTED: Do Eye Exercises really help in reducing Myopia?

Myopia is one of the most common eye problems faced …
Myopia

Say MY(NO)PIA: A Pressing Need To Prevent Myopia From Developing Into High Myopia

High myopia is a detrimental effect of uncorrected myopia not …
Myopia

Think You Know Everything About Preventing Myopia Progression? Think Again.

There’s more than meets the eye when it comes to …

Risk factors

Myopia is a complex eye disease where both genetic and environmental factors play a role in its development and progression. People who have certain genes are at greater risk of developing myopia. When they are exposed to certain environmental factors, such as too much near work and not enough time outdoors, these factors work together to cause and worsen myopia.

Signs and symptoms

Myopia can develop at any age, although it typically develops during school-age years between 8-14 years of age. Some of the common signs and symptoms of myopia include:

  • Blurry vision when looking at faraway objects.
  • Frequently sitting too close to the television or holding books/devices too close to the eyes.
  • Blinking excessively and frequently rubbing the eyes.
  • Trouble reading things on the whiteboard.
  • Squinting when looking at distant objects.
  • Frequent headaches.

Diagnosis

Myopia is usually diagnosed by an optometrist based on the results of an eye examination. Guidelines for when eye examinations should occur differ between countries and age groups, but routine examinations should be conducted given that children may only complain of poor vision long after myopia begins to develop.

Treatment

Myopia treatment strategies can be differentiated into those that correct myopia to produce clear vision and those that control myopia, which work by preventing or delaying its onset, or by slowing its progression. Myopia correction strategies include spectacles, contact lenses, and refractive surgeries, whereas myopia control strategies include therapeutics such as atropine and pirenzepine eye drops, orthokeratology, and myopia control spectacles and contact lenses.

Management

Recent research is now beginning to support the notion that myopia may be managed through lifestyle interventions. These include reducing myopia’s environmental risk factors by spending more time being active outdoors, reducing near work including screen time, and getting enough good-quality sleep, as well as undergoing regular and timely eye examinations.

Tools Designed for Healthier Eyes

Explore our specifically designed products and services backed by eye health professionals to help keep your children safe online and their eyes healthy.