LASIK treatment for presbyopia | What you need to know

LASIK treatment for presbyopia

LASIK for presbyopia

Presbyopia is a type of refractive error that is due to changes in the lens of your eye as you age. If you have presbyopia, you would slowly be unable to focus on nearby objects. Yet for most of the time, your ability to see faraway objects remains unscathed. You might notice the effects of presbyopia sometime after the age of 40. This article explores the use of LASIK to treat presbyopia.

LASIK treatment for presbyopia

How does presbyopia develop?

As you age naturally, the lens of your eyes becomes harder and less flexible. Ciliary muscles in your eye also weaken as you age. These ciliary muscles are a ring of smooth muscle in your eye that determines the shape of the lens when focusing on nearby and faraway objects. When you have presbyopia, your hardening lens and ailing ciliary muscles would make it tough for the lens to focus light properly onto the retina to produce clear vision. Instead, the light would concentrate behind the retina, leading to blurry vision when looking at nearby objects.

Treatment for presbyopia

There is no way to prevent or reverse aging. Yet, presbyopia can be treated, such as through LASIK surgery. If left untreated, not only does presbyopia adversely affect your vision, it can cause discomforts like headaches and eye strain.

Presbyopia and LASIK

LASIK (laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis) is a common eye surgery that can address farsightedness, nearsightedness, astigmatism, and also presbyopia. Monovision is a technique used to treat presbyopia using the LASIK procedure. You might have to undergo a trial with either glasses or contact lenses to see if you can bear having one eye corrected for distance vision and one eye for near vision before moving on with the procedure.

During surgery, your LASIK surgeon would completely address the distance vision of one of your eyes while deliberately making the non-dominant eye slightly nearsighted. Your mildly nearsighted eye would then see nearby objects clearly without glasses. Your dominant eye would then take the lead to provide clear distance vision whereas your non-dominant eye would sharpen near vision.

Still, most people who undergo monovision LASIK can still see acceptably well at all distances without glasses. For many of them, this surgery is worth the tradeoff of the slight loss of clarity in distance vision that monovision entails.

That being said, LASIK does not prevent presbyopia from occurring.

Regular eye checks can detect presbyopia early

Go for comprehensive eye checks as per the recommended guidelines in your country even if there are no apparent symptoms of eye conditions. If you are at higher risk due to medical conditions or have existing eye problems, go for a comprehensive eye examination more frequently, as per the advice from your eye doctor. Regular eye checks can ensure that the refractive power required to correct presbyopia is always updated. If you are residing in Singapore, book your next eye check here.

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